Honoring Haddon Robinson
Reflections from pastors on lessons they have learned from Haddon Robinson.
Editor’s Note: On July 22nd we lost one of the master preachers in America—Haddon Robinson. His influence on preaching and pastors can be felt all over the world. But it really hit home with us here at Preaching Today since we consider him the Grandfather of Preaching Today, as he was a Senior Editor for Preaching Today. I never had the great honor to meet or talk with him, but the stories I hear from other pastors who sat under him, including my own father, move me to become a better proclaimer of the gospel. I hope these stories below show how much he loved preaching and preparing those who were called to the ministry. This post will continue to be updated as others share their stories and lessons learned from Haddon Robinson. If you have a story you would like to share about the impact he has had on your preaching feel free to email it to firstname.lastname@example.org.
You can read Christianity Today’s tribute here.
Ken Shigematsu – Pastor of Tenth Avenue Church in Vancouver, British Columbia
Several years ago, I was in the Boston area visiting my alma mater Gordon-Conwell. I walked into the office of my former professor, Dr. Haddon Robinson, and asked, "Have you had any new insights about preaching recently?" He replied, "I've discovered that our brain works on a ten-day creative cycle. So, if a person wants to prepare their best sermons, they need to begin their preparation at least ten days in advance. This will ensure a person will hit their creative peak somewhere in that cycle." That simple, yet powerful idea revolutionized my approach to sermon preparation.
Up until that time, I had typically prepared my entire sermon on the Thursday before the Sunday that I was to preach. I felt an enormous amount of pressure to come up with something creative on Thursdays, and I dreaded that day. With all the anxiety, I experienced regular "sermon block."
Thanks to Haddon’s insight, instead of preparing my Sunday sermon on the Thursday before, I began to prepare the message two Thursdays before, so that I would have a ten-day runway. Spreading out the work significantly reduced the pressure and my anxiety. The longer runway also gave more time for my creative ideas to emerge and I found that —for the first time—I began to enjoy the sermon preparation process, and it felt more prayerful.
Also, Haddon Robinson made us write out our sermon manuscripts, but did not allow us to take notes into the pulpit. He said when we are reviewing our sermon if we keep forgetting something—it likely doesn’t fit into the vertebrae of the sermon itself so we’re better off dropping it.
Haddon taught me that it takes three to five minutes for a thought to develop in a listener’s mind. So in any given sermon you can only have six or seven movements.
This may be more obvious: Haddon spoke about the communication “law of primacy and recency.” What you say first and last in a sermon will be most memorable and therefore most important.
Mark Mitchell – Pastor of Central Peninsula Church in Foster City, California
One thing I learned from Haddon is that it is okay to reuse a sermon.
After I had been preaching at my church for over 20 years, I was considering making a change, and seeking his advice. He asked me, "How many sermons have you prepared and preached over the years?"
I wasn't sure the exact number, but I told him, "Hundreds."
He then asked, "You mean you have hundreds of sermons you've only preached once?"
I sheepishly replied, "That's correct."
He then said something to the effect of, "That's a waste of a good sermon!"
I had always felt that re-using a sermon was a bit like serving guests reheated leftover food. Not according to Haddon. As it turned out, I stayed put at my church, but after almost 31 years there, he freed me up to pull one out of my archives once in a while.
Josh Moody – Pastor of Three Village Church in East Setauket, New York
I was 26 years old when I first walked into his classroom, fresh off a few years in urban law enforcement. I came to seminary with a sense that God was calling me to some kind of vocational ministry, though I wasn’t sure what form that would take. I had never heard the name Haddon Robinson before. Little did I know that people came from all over the world to sit under this man, who had worked in seminary education for almost fifty years, and written a textbook that had impacted multiple generations of preachers.
One thing quickly became clear in that fall preaching course—Haddon Robinson believed and built his life upon the big idea that he was communicating to us: “If you can get people to sit under the preaching of the Word of God, the Word will do its work in people’s lives.” He modeled the fact that “One who can explain a passage clearly and apply it to life accurately gets credit for being a genius.” He didn’t want to be considered a genius, of course—in fact, he once said that he felt akin to the donkey on which Jesus rode into Jerusalem—but he was brilliant at explaining the Bible clearly and applying it to life accurately. His teaching and his example played a vital role in showing me that there could be no greater use of my life than to be a preacher of God’s word. Haddon’s gentle, affirming feedback to my rookie homiletical exercises played the largest role in confirming that this was exactly what God had gifted and called me to do.
This past Saturday night, when I learned that Haddon had gone to heaven, I mourned the fact that an era had ended. I reflected on the role that Haddon played in my formation as a lover and proclaimer of God’s Word. There have been a few others since, who have also had a profound impact in shaping the character of my sermons. But Haddon gave me the tools for building the bridge, between the Bible and my congregation, which undergirds every sermon I have preached in ten years of pastoral ministry. As I remembered my brief time with him, it occurred to me how often I have quoted him in these ten years—probably to the great annoyance of my wife and colleagues.
- “Know your purpose before you start writing your sermon!”
- “Land the plane! The sermon should be just long enough to get the necessary thing said … If the congregation knows you will quit when you’re finished, they will put up with a great deal.”
- “An effective introduction must do three things: capture interest, surface need, and orient to your material. If they don’t itch, they won’t let you scratch!”
- Probably my most-quoted Haddonism: “A mist in the pulpit is a fog in the pew. You must understand an idea to explain it clearly.”
Memorable phrases aside, Haddon’s most lasting mark on me was helping me to see that while any one sermon might not have a noticeable effect, years of biblical sermons will add up to immeasurable fruit in people’s lives. In one sense, an era has ended. But the impact of Haddon Robinson lives on every week, in pulpits around the world, as men and women clearly explain the Word of God, and as they train others to do the same. I am deeply grateful to have learned from this man, who endured countless rookie sermons, to pass along his love and competence for biblical preaching.
Hershael York – Pastor of Buck Run Baptist Church in Frankfurt, Kentucky
As a boy I usually heard preaching that sprang from a committed systematic theology that found a poetic, ironic, or iconic scriptural phrase the preacher then used and infused with whatever theological point he wanted to make, often with no connection to the context or the author’s intent. “Ere the lamp of God went out in the Temple” (1 Sam. 3:3), for example, was a portent of the darkening days and the danger of a flickering, nearly extinguished American church. “Death in the pot” (2 Kings 38:40) was the result of liberal and insidious additions to the gospel that real men of God had to cleanse with the proclamation of life-giving truth.
When, in my early twenties, I heard Haddon Robinson preach on a Preaching Today cassette tape and subsequently encountered his book, Biblical Preaching, it was like reading Copernicus and discovering that the sun did not revolve around the earth, but the other way around. Haddon Robinson taught me the primacy and, ultimately, the sufficiency of the text. The question to be answered was not how to say my big idea but how to preach that of the author. It was a lesson I learned well and have dedicated my life to practicing and promulgating.
Though many things he taught illuminated my preaching—the power of narrative, of simplicity, of propositional truth—Haddon’s warning that more heresy creeps into the church through bad application than through bad exegesis still shines like a lighthouse on a hazardous and threatening coast. I ransacked and pilfered his 1997 interview in Leadership in which he explained the “ladder of applications” and used it (with proper citation, of course) in my own book on preaching and I have taught it in every class and every semester of preaching for the last twenty years and around the globe from the Amazon to the Danube to the Jin. He spoke to generations of preachers and though now in heaven, he still speaks on earth through the countless heralds who now believe the big idea that the Bible can speak for itself.
Bryan Wilkerson – Pastor of Grace Chapel in Lexington, Massachusetts
Haddon taught me to let the text govern the sermon, not just in terms of content—true expository preaching—but in terms of mood and movement. A narrative text should preach like a story. A sermon from the Psalms should make us weep or wonder. And a prophetic text should hit us right between the eyes.
For me, Haddon elevated preaching to an art form, worthy of my very best effort. Not only for the glory of God, but for the good of listeners desperate for a word from God.
Ryan Welsh – Pastor of Redeemer Church in Bellevue, Washington
I remember one of the first things I heard Haddon Robinson say. It was the first day of my first class with him. Along with 16 other students, we had been D.Min. students for less than a day. Most of us choose Gordon-Conwell so we could learn preaching from Dr. Robinson. Someone in the class asked, "With so many different styles of preaching what is your view as to the most beneficial?" Haddon said, "Well …" and then paused for a couple seconds while looking at the ground to gather his thoughts. It became clear to me over time that this is classic Dr. Robinson. He was a master with words and was never in a rush to say something after one second what could be said better after two. After a thoughtful pause, he said, "There is no such thing as styles of preaching. There is effective communication of God's Word and ineffective communication of God's Word. If you want to call them styles, be my guest, but I'd rather call one preaching and the other talking to yourself."
Bryan Carter – Pastor of Concord Missionary Baptist Church in Dallas, Texas
In July 2008, our E. K. Bailey Preaching Conference hosted a luncheon to honor Dr. Haddon Robinson as our Living Legend because of his vast contributions to the preaching community throughout his lifetime. I will never forget his session during the conference where he taught the centrality of insuring that every message builds a bridge from the original audience to the audience of today. I learned from Dr. Robinson the importance of investing the time and energy to have a thorough understanding of the Scriptures in its original context first before attempting to apply the text to the lives of people today. Dr. Robinson’s writings and teachings have inspired me and many others to invest our lives in biblical preaching, he was a model, mentor, and masterful proclaimer of the gospel.
Steve Norman – Pastor of Central Wesleyan in Holland, Michigan
Haddon Robinson wrote a chapter, in the book Mastering Contemporary Preaching, titled “Bringing Yourself Into the Pulpit.” Though he identifies six warnings for preachers, here are the three that I’ve carried with me for the last twenty-five years.
On inappropriate self-disclosure
“Presenting a personal unresolved conflict, of any kind, tend to focus people’s attention on you, the preacher, rather than on their own condition. … If ministers do that in the pulpit, a congregation loses the sense that God’s word has been offered to them. … The preacher has used the audience for his own therapy” (132).
As preachers, our primary currency is words. As verbal processors, some of us use words to sift and sort through our own thoughts, feeling, and trials. To be sure, the pulpit is not the place where every challenge is sanitized and we only discuss our personal crises when they are tied up in neat little bows. That said, for Robinson, the pulpit is not the counselor’s couch. Ultimately, it’s not where we go to receive aid, but where we stand to offer it.
On the danger of turning-point stories
“When we relate dramatic turning-point stories, we give the impression that whenever God acts, he does so with the impact of lightning. Most people’s actual experience with God, then, seems to be mundane, anticlimactic, unglamorous, unreal … the true skill in life lies in faithfully handling the ordinary” (135).
Everyone knows a preacher with a penchant for the glory days. Their personal illustration ‘Greatest Hits’ list includes: dramatic victory stories, miraculous encounters, spectacular prayers, and supernatural fireworks. Robinson isn’t denying that these stories are true, it’s just that for the ordinary listener, they aren’t always helpful. If our “best story” moments inadvertently disempower the listener for a life of day-to-day faithfulness, we’re not serving anyone well.
On the Danger of Subtle Self-Promotion
“My stories must illustrate. I must avoid the other agenda that makes myself look too good or too wise. Love overlooks a multitude of homiletical sins, but once people lose confidence in your integrity, your ministry is severely damaged.”
“Any time we make ourselves look holy or shrewd, it’s good to test our motives with the hard question: Why am I using this? To illustrate a point? To elevate my standing? To identify with the people? Any of these may be legitimate and necessary, but self-promotion usually backfires.”
“An illustration should illustrate the truth, not elevate the speaker.”
Our job is to offer the truth in the text as a gift to the people of God, and stay as close to the ground as possible along the way. Haddon reminds me that it I need to be aware of how and when my own personal insecurities might seek to hijack the sermon. It requires a constant state of vigilance; they always seem to emerge in new ways and forms.
Haddon’s wisdom has been a gift to me these last few decades. May God give us the grace to use the decades we have left to apply it in our pulpits.
Bryan Chapell – Pastor of Grace Presbyterian Church in Peoria, Illinois
A project that became foundational for my doctoral studies in speech communication involved comparing the contributions and distinctions of the textbooks on preaching then on the market. At that time, I did not know that field or its major contributors and came upon Haddon Robinson’s Biblical Preaching without expectation or bias. Immediately, I knew that I had found gold.
What distinguished Biblical Preaching from the other books is its sage simplicity. Expressing simple truths in clever ways or profound truths in difficult ways is not particularly difficult. But expressing profound truth in simple terms is the mark of homiletical genius and the great contribution of Haddon Robinson to the field of evangelical preaching. Others are as committed to faithfulness to Scripture, and others are as informed in the disciplines of communication. Haddon brings these distinctions to the preaching task as well as any other scholar, but what distinguishes his work is the way that his great pastoral wisdom is compressed into terms so plain.
Students of preaching often read Haddon’s work and say to themselves, “Of course,” or “That’s just common sense,” not realizing that Haddon has just demonstrated for them in writing the goal for which they should strive in preaching: making great truths accessible to all.
A preacher once introduced another by saying, “I love Dr. Smith because he is not so concerned that we know that he knows the Word; instead, he is more concerned that we know the Word.” For similar reasons I love Haddon Robinson. His greatest concern is that others know God’s Word. I witnessed this priority in him several years after studying Biblical Preaching in graduate school. John Koessler of Moody Bible Institute provided the opportunity for me to work with Haddon on a project that combined our books in a digital format. I remember being awed by the master, but treated as a peer by him. Haddon’s gentle humor and warm manner not only enveloped me and put me at ease, but also taught me again of the power of profound truths simply stated.
As we progressed on the project, Dr. Koessler told us that we would be given the opportunity to summarize our books in a recorded introduction. I labored to find and refine excerpts from my book that would enable me to reflect key themes with precision and erudition. I really just wanted to appear respectable next to the great Haddon Robinson. So, I read my script with as much weightiness as I could muster and, then, it was Haddon’s turn. He used no script. Instead, he leaned forward in his chair and spoke in the assuring tones of a grandfather about how students grasping a few key concepts and depending on God’s Spirit would be able to preach with power. I was entranced with the effect. I remembered what Haddon said more than what I had said, and I was simultaneously comforted and made confident as a preacher by his instruction.
I have had many opportunities to work and correspond with Haddon in subsequent years, but that moment of sage simplicity stands out in my mind for its ministry to my heart and its instruction to my life. I will be forever thankful to Haddon Robinson for his commitment to making sure that our preaching is biblical, for his willingness to continue to grow in method while remaining true to the message of Scripture, and for his commitment to mentoring future preachers and future teachers of preaching. But I am most grateful for his example of sacrificing apparent esteem for real ministry. He has given himself for the message of the Savior, and in doing so has ennobled the preaching task for generations to come. There is no greater honor for a teacher of preachers.
Jeffrey Arthurs – Professory of Preaching and Communication at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in South Hamilton, Massachusetts
“Less is more.” A sermon can’t say everything, so quit trying. Going into depth on a few concepts results in more impact than covering many concepts quickly. Related to this: “Every good sermon flirts with heresy” (because a single sermon can’t say everything).
Prayer. I learned this simply by watching him. He prayed regularly and naturally. His daily tasks were upheld in prayer.
Don’t forget the little guy. Haddon was kind and gracious to “unimportant” people.
Craig Blomberg – Distinguished Professor of New Testament at Denver Seminary
Haddon Robinson was one of the outstanding preachers of the twentieth century. He also left an indelible mark as professor at Dallas Theological Seminary, president of Denver Seminary, and professor and interim president at Gordon-Conwell. Countless graduates of these and other institutions reckon his influence and support as most formative for their ministries, as he stressed the need for expository preaching, and taught it in his internationally best-selling textbook on that topic. But he always stressed the equally important need for sermons to be relevant. Others will fill the gap left by his homegoing, but no one will fill his shoes.
Jeremy M. Kimble – Assistant Professor of Theological Studies at Cedarville University
I can still remember being in Bible college and taking my first preaching course my junior year. By that point I had taught several times in the student ministry back at my home church and preached once in an evening service. I came into this course green and eager to learn, aware of my inexperience and inadequacies.
After our first class, I marched down to the bookstore to purchase textbooks for various classes. The main required text for my preaching course was Biblical Preaching, by Haddon Robinson. Little did I know how formative this book would be in my preaching ministry. Three distinct lessons come to mind.
First, Robinson helped me understand the formation of an idea. Every idea, he said, contains a subject and a complement. The subject describes what I am talking about, while the complement articulates what I am saying about what I am talking about. I recall reading this chapter and going through exercises in class to force us toward clarity in our thinking. This was essential since, to cite another insight I derived from Robinson, a mist in the pulpit equals a fog in the pew. Robinson was insistent on clarity, and I have come back to this basic lesson again and again as I continue to unveil the truth of God’s Word.
Second, Haddon Robinson is perhaps most often associated with the concept of the “Big Idea.” Every passage contains a big idea, it is our responsibility as preachers to understand what that big idea is and then to communicate it to our audience in a compelling manner. The distillation of that one sentence is a key exercise as a biblical text will say many things, but we are attempting to follow the author’s intention carefully and communicate that intention. To this day I toil and labor over identifying the big idea of the text, and I owe that emphasis to Robinson.
Finally, Haddon Robinson made a faithful, sure-footed apologetic for expository preaching. I grew up in a church where pastors faithfully preached through books of the Bible verse-by-verse. I simply took for granted that everyone preached this way, but I soon discovered that was not the case. Robinson cemented my convictions on this matter. The big idea is textual, our outline is textual, and our task is to help our people understand and apply the text. It gave great clarity to know my calling as a preacher and provided me confidence going into ministry to unfold the details of the text and make an appeal to my people based on the truths of that given text.
Robinson impacted many preachers in various pulpits around the world. His legacy will stand for decades to come, and his writings will continue to impact this generation of preachers. Though I never met him I am profoundly thankful for his faithfulness to proclaim Christ and assist others in doing the same.
Jesse Northcutt – Field Leader – Greater Europe Mission/Ireland
I had Dr. Robinson as a preaching professor from 1977-1979 at Dallas Theological Seminary. Just before he announced his move to become president of Denver Seminary I committed to majoring in the Pastoral Ministries Department so that I could take every course I possibly could from him. Regardless of his departure, his legacy at Dallas was firmly fixed and I was fortunate to have benefitted from those whom he had deeply impacted for my last two years at the school.
My wife and I have served as career missionaries with Greater Europe Mission in Ireland for the past thirty-six years. Even though preaching has not been my primary role in ministry, Dr Robinson indelibly shaped my preaching ministry and I have had the opportunity to train and coach several national Irish preachers in his approach to preaching the Word of God. In the church where we currently minister we have people represented from all over the world, some with a developing grasp of English as a second or third language. So many of these folks have expressed gratitude to me for how I handle the Word of God and preach clearly from the text. I can only credit this to the influence of Dr Robinson who stressed some key basics with me long ago from which I have never varied.
On two occasions in the past Dr Robinson visited this island – once to speak at a men’s conference in Belfast and another time to lead workshops at an annual preacher’s conference in the Dublin area. On both occasions I was able to speak with him briefly and express my appreciation to him for his life, ministry and writings.
Richard D. Smith – Pastor of First Baptist Church in New Matamoras, Ohio
As a young pastor just out of Bible College I read Biblical Preaching and decided to write Dr. Robinson. He was president of Denver Seminary at the time. I explained how helpful his book was to me, but I was fearful of keeping up with a weekly preaching schedule that included a Sunday School lesson, Sunday preaching morning and evening, and then Wednesday Bible Study. What happen’s if there’s a funeral, I worried in my letter. He wrote back as if I were his student. Maybe he considered that I was a student of his because I had read his book. He gave the most insightful recommendations, and I still use them today.
I wrote to Dr. Robinson two year ago, this time via email. I explained a young man in my church wanted to “learn to preach.” I was able to tell Dr. Robinson that each Sunday evening for 12 weeks, I met with this man and taught through Biblical Preaching chapter by chapter. Dr. Robinson wrote back again and thanked me for the good report and that he was thankful his book had such an impact.
What a blessing he has been and continues to be to me.
Kenneth R. Mitchell – Pastor of Westside Chapel in Jacksonville, Florida
I was privileged to be in Dr. Robinson’s class on homiletics at Dallas Theological Seminary in the early seventies. I still have, and use, the handouts given to us in class on the preparation for an expository sermon. These handouts were later expanded into his classic book, Biblical Preaching.
For the past twelve years I have had the privilege of going to El Salvador twice a year, and for the past nine years the privilege of going yearly to Cameroon, Africa. In both countries I conduct conferences for pastors on how to do expository preaching. In both of these countries the overwhelming majority of preaching is done with little or no preparation, had little to do the text of Scripture, and is basically “thought to thought,” emotionally driven preaching. In the conferences I share with the them the same steps in the preparation and delivery of an expository sermon that I learned from Dr. Robinson. It is so rewarding when they begin to see that preaching is to be done from a passage of Scripture, in context, and explained and applied to their listeners. Many have shared with me how their ministries have changed as a result of expository preaching. This is simply another example of Dr. Robinson’s influence and impact around the world. I thank God for the privilege I had to learn from him, and for the privilege of sharing his knowledge with others.
Dennis Hesselbarth – On staff at Livingstones Associates
Dr. Robinson’s quiet yet driving passion for making the Scriptures accessible to the average person changed my preaching. Haddon insisted that, in a simple clear way, our sermons show how we gleaned the meaning of the text, so the listener could see it for themselves, and most importantly, themselves learn to read and interpret the bible.
Quoting Greek and Hebrew, he noted, might impress our audience, but it wasn’t going to help our audience learn to interpret the Scriptures for themselves.
I still laugh thinking about one memorable exchange in homiletics class at Denver Seminary. Greek and Hebrew supposedly in hand, we were to do our own translation of our assigned text, exegete it, then prepare a sermon. With sermon in hand, we now interacted with Haddon about the process.
He reminded us that the underlying Greek or Hebrew grammar was part of the “skeleton,” the exegetical research underlying our message, but the message itself, putting the “flesh” on the big idea of our passage, needed no Greek or Hebrew bones gruesomely sticking out!
Then, almost as an afterthought, Haddon said something like, “Besides, anyone who thinks they can discover in the original languages some deep truth inaccessible to the English reader is fooling themselves. Our English translations are excellent.”
The class wise guy’s hand shot up. “Then why do we have to go through all the pain of learning Green and Hebrew?” (Remembering this is what makes me laugh. We were all thinking the same thing!)
Haddon paused. Then he said, “All the original languages do is make us a more careful observer of the text. It might add some color or emphasis. But the truths expressed are evident in the English. We don’t want to ever give the impression that someone who doesn’t know Greek or Hebrew can’t understand the bible for themselves.”
Haddon Robinson’s passion went beyond preaching. His passion was equipping people to engage with the God of the Word through the Word of God. Preaching was just a means to that greater end. I’ve never forgotten that.
Andrew Finch is the Associate Editor for PreachingToday.com.